Agri-inputs: Tools and strategies for optimisation

Agri input market trends and challenges

For primary producers to be productive and commercially feasible, they must be able to source affordable agricultural inputs in the correct quantities and at the right time. That said, their ability to secure these inputs is often impacted by external factors beyond their control.

One of the primary challenges faced by producers is the increasing volatility of agri input prices and their availability. According to the FAO, the price of key agricultural inputs such as feed, seed, and fertilisers are at an all-time high and are growing at a faster rate than commodity prices. Global events such as the Covid-19 pandemic and the Ukrainian conflict have exacerbated this by causing global trade restrictions, disrupting labour markets, and triggering supply shortages on inputs such as energy and seeds.

In many developing regions, agri input accessibility is also a barrier to production. While smallholder farms make up the majority of global agriculture, many smallholders have little access to yield-enhancing inputs or the capital required to purchase them. Introducing more modern inputs can have a tremendous impact. This is evident in Asia and Latin America, who experienced a surge in productivity after introducing more on-farm mechanisation. Meanwhile, Sub-Saharan Africa continues to struggle, with many smallholders having limited access to basic inputs such as enhanced seeds and fertilisers. Innovative and sustainable alternatives to traditional agricultural inputs are also becoming increasingly important, especially in regions where access to traditional agri inputs is limited.

Tools and strategies for input optimisation

Providing primary producers with more efficient and cost-effective agri inputs ultimately benefits producers, consumers, and economies, making it a priority for both public and private stakeholders. Identifying an optimal approach is both essential and challenging, as it involves understanding the unique needs of primary producers, the dynamics of the market, the evolving technological and infrastructural requirements of the area, and the environmental concerns at play. Key enabling strategies include:

Institutional support: Enhancing the agricultural framework through improved institutions, infrastructure, and clear regulations can streamline the procurement and distribution of high-quality agri inputs. For governments and multilaterals, this may include building roads to improve farm logistics, distributing high-quality seeds to farmers in need, or incentivising private investment in agricultural development.

Circular/regenerative systems: Implementing circular practices, such as recycling agricultural waste for fertilisers or employing crop rotation to naturally enrich soil, can diminish the dependence on external agricultural inputs, leading to more sustainable farming practices and lower input costs.
Artificial intelligence: Utilising artificial intelligence for predictive analytics can assist in forecasting the demand for specific agri inputs, enabling better inventory management, reducing waste, and ensuring that farmers have access to necessary inputs when they need them.

Precision agriculture: By implementing precision agriculture technologies such as GPS-guided machinery, drones, and sensor-based irrigation systems, farmers can manage inputs more accurately and efficiently, reducing overall usage while maintaining or increasing yield.

Collaborative purchasing and shared resources: Encouraging smallholders to collaborate in purchasing agri inputs can lead to bulk buying discounts and shared use of machinery and tools, reducing individual costs. Linking smallholders together in this manner can go a long way in bridging the financial and technical disparity between smallholders and larger agricultural enterprises.

Taking action

Agri input strategies are essential for agricultural productivity and are key to ensuring profitability, sustainability, and product quality for any primary producer. Identifying and executing the correct strategy can be challenging, but at Farrelly & Mitchell we bring clarity and certainty to strategic decisions. Backed by a global network of industry experts, our consultants can provide actionable recommendations and key insights into agri input strategies that can drive efficient resource utilisation while enhancing crop performance, and creating sustainable farming practices tailored to diverse agricultural contexts.

Our supports cover the entire agrifood industry, ranging from primary producers, manufacturers, and retailers, to governments, multilaterals and private investors. We can improve your agri input management by providing market intelligence, supporting agtech implementation, conducting feasibility assessments, and much more. Contact us today to leverage our insights and optimise your input procurement.



Malachy Mitchell

Managing Director

As Farrelly and Mitchell's co-founder and Managing Director, Malachy provides unmatched expertise. Working alongside CEO's, executives, and leaders from public and private sectors, Malachy empowers agribusinesses to fully achieve their potential.

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