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Insight

Addressing the Root Causes of Food Inflation in the MENA

Food Imports

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) relies on imported food to an extent greater than many other regions. Net food imports account for 48 percent of food consumption across the region and 89 percent of consumption in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.

Overall demand for food is also increasing in the region and the volume of cereal imported into to the MENA region rose 13 percent between 2007 and 2010. Countries that rely heavily on food imports are disproportionately affected as world food prices rise and are especially prone to food inflation.

Since 2008, local food prices have grown by over 50 percent in the MENA region, at a CAGR of approximately nine percent.

Food Security

Food prices are a sensitive issue in the region and many MENA countries have identified food security as a key policy measure in ensuring political stability.

Food inflation triggered a series of bread demonstrations in Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan, Egypt and Morocco and these countries experienced political unrest only a few years later. Although food prices were not the only factor in the so-called “Arab Spring”.

Many governments in the MENA region subsidise world food prices in order to keep food affordable in local terms. These measures include price controls, food subsidies and other measures aimed at reducing the burden of food inflation.

However, food subsidies do not address the root causes of food inflation and may make the situation worse.

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Author

Michael Sweeney

Senior Researcher

Michael is a senior agri-food economist with Farrelly & Mitchell and has consulted on numerous assignments across Europe, Middle East, Africa and globally.

Addressing the Root Causes of Food Inflation in the MENA

Download Insight

Addressing the Root Causes of Food Inflation in the MENA

Download

Food Imports

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) relies on imported food to an extent greater than many other regions. Net food imports account for 48 percent of food consumption across the region and 89 percent of consumption in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.

Overall demand for food is also increasing in the region and the volume of cereal imported into to the MENA region rose 13 percent between 2007 and 2010. Countries that rely heavily on food imports are disproportionately affected as world food prices rise and are especially prone to food inflation.

Since 2008, local food prices have grown by over 50 percent in the MENA region, at a CAGR of approximately nine percent.

Food Security

Food prices are a sensitive issue in the region and many MENA countries have identified food security as a key policy measure in ensuring political stability.

Food inflation triggered a series of bread demonstrations in Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan, Egypt and Morocco and these countries experienced political unrest only a few years later. Although food prices were not the only factor in the so-called “Arab Spring”.

Many governments in the MENA region subsidise world food prices in order to keep food affordable in local terms. These measures include price controls, food subsidies and other measures aimed at reducing the burden of food inflation.

However, food subsidies do not address the root causes of food inflation and may make the situation worse.

Download Full Insight

Author

Michael Sweeney

Senior Researcher

Michael is a senior agri-food economist with Farrelly & Mitchell and has consulted on numerous assignments across Europe, Middle East, Africa and globally.

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